The Libyan national elections, scheduled for 24 December 2021, are upon us. In order to guarantee free and fair elections, the Libyan authorities, including the new interim Government of National Unity (the GNU), the Presidency Council and the House of Representatives (the HoR), must put human rights at the forefront. In February 2021, the Prime Minister and the members of the Presidency Council signed a pledge to abide by the Roadmap “For the Preparatory Phase of a Comprehensive Solution” (the Roadmap) adopted by the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum (LPDF). However, since the confidence vote granted to the GNU by the HoR on 15 March 2021, little has been done to prepare for elections.
The elections are now only seven months away. To ensure Libya is ready for election on 24 December 2021, this human rights roadmap details seven key human rights priorities that the interim executive authority must tackle in the next seven months.
These seven areas are key priorities to be addressed in order for the elections to take place in a free and fair manner. However, notwithstanding the elections, the Libyan state and authorities remain bound to comply with their obligations under international human rights law and to promote and protect the human rights of the Libyan people in every aspect of their lives in addition to these seven areas, including by fully cooperating and supporting the work of the various mechanisms and authorities investigating violations of international humanitarian, criminal, and human rights law in Libya, such as the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya, the International Criminal Court, and UN Special Procedures, and by providing such mechanisms with unfettered access throughout the Libyan territory.